On Chinese maps from the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Vladivostok is called Yongmingcheng (?�???ZaYZ [YC�ngmA�ngchA�ng], “city of eternal light”). During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) it was visited by Chinese expeditions, and a relic of that time (a Chongning stela) is displayed in the local museum. The 1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk defined the area as part of China under the Manchu Qing Dynasty. Later, as the Manchus banned Han Chinese from most of Manchuria (including the Vladivostok region), it was only visited by shA�nzA�i (a??e?S, ginseng or sea cucumber thieves) who illegally entered the area seeking ginseng or sea cucumbers (ambiguous, since both words use the Chinese a??, shA�n). From this comes the current Chinese name for the city, ?��a??a?? (HCZishA�nwCZi, “sea-cucumber cliffs”). A French ship which is believed to have visited the area around 1858 found several huts belonging to Chinese or Manchu fishermen. There is also the Udge,the Orochi,the Nanai, and the Mohe living in Vladivostok.
The history of the signing of this agreement a�� the plot for an adventure novel. We do not have streets named after count Ignatiev. But it was the streets of Beijing, street Chinese, Soulfunky… Svetlanskaya, Aleut, Boat, Admiral zavoiko, Kornilov, Arsenyev, Dezhnev.
Is there a lot of cities where street names are so closely connected with ships, naval and pioneers? It traces the history of development of the Russian people in the Asia-Pacific region.